Tooth discoloration appears in many different colors, some may have full discoloration of the teeth whiles other have dark spots. When trying to determine where tooth discoloration comes from, take into consideration there are two types of tooth stains: extrinsic and intrinsic. Extrinsic stains are known as surface stains. These are caused when outside elements affect the surface of the tooth. Intrinsic stains result when the interior sections of the tooth have darkened.
The good news is you can prevent many of these stains! Once you understand what causes tooth discoloration, you’ll be better equipped to handle fighting off some of the problems.
Extrinsic staining can be drinking coffee, tea, soda and red wine, so try to avoid drinking these. Smoking and chewing tobacco can cause discoloration. Generally speaking, bad oral habits will negatively affect your teeth’s health. Discoloration is just a minor side effect of inefficient dental care.
Intrinsic staining can be developed if you use drugs such as antibiotics that has tetracycline, usually this drug can cause staining to the teeth. Dental fluoride is surprisingly can cause discoloration if you use too much of it. Trauma can also lead to discoloration if a tooth is not capped following major dental surgery, such as a root canal. Tooth decay is often evident in brown or black spots on teeth. On that note, a large amalgam tooth filling can also cause outlying enamel to appear gray.
There are ways to prevent discolorations, avoid consuming foods and drinks that contribute to teeth discoloration on a regular basis. Don’t smoke or chew tobacco, and practice excellent oral hygiene. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if any medications you’re taking result in tooth staining as a side effect. And have dental x-rays taken during your exams to check for any signs of trauma.
There are options for you to remove the discolorations such as ultrasonic cleaning, teeth whitening, laser teeth whitening, and in many cases dental veneers can completely cover tooth discolorations.