Tooth decay is an oral disease that destroys your teeth. Second only to the common cold, it affects the majority of the population, with children and seniors most at risk. With tooth decay so common, we can understand why you’d want to know more about it — particularly the causes of tooth decay and how a dentist can cure tooth decay damage. Becoming informed about this disease is a great first step in preventing tooth decay. Tooth decay results from a buildup of dental plaque bacteria. Plaque is a sticky, film-like substance that continually forms on teeth and harbors bacteria. When they meet with starchy or sugary foods, they produce acids that attack teeth.
If plaque isn’t removed, it turns into dental tartar, or dental calculus, a hardened deposit of plaque on teeth and beneath the gum line. The result is that tartar becomes a breeding ground for even more plaque bacteria, which continues to produce the acids that attack teeth. Eventually this breaks down tooth enamel, leading to the holes in teeth known as tooth decay.
Seeing your dentist can cure tooth decay damage, do your part to prevent it in the first place. Oral hygiene is the first step: Brushing twice a day with fluoride toothpaste will help remove plaque, and flossing daily will help keep decay from forming between your teeth. A balanced, low-sugar diet is also essential in protecting yourself against plaque buildup.