Gum disease is an infection of the tissues that support your teeth. Ignoring this disease and leaving this infection untreated may cause the gums to break down, resulting in the need for gum disease treatment. When you lose the gums supporting your teeth, your teeth fall out.
Gums stay healthy only when the teeth they surround are clean, free of dental plaque and dental tartar (a crust formed through dental plaque that hardens over time).
Dental plaque contains bacteria that produce toxins which irritate and damage the gums. When dental plaque and dental tartar build up around the teeth, gums become inflamed.
When gum disease attacks, you will notice some redness of the gums, tenderness and puffiness, probably a little bleeding and bad breath. This stealthy stage is known as gingivitis, the milder — but just as dangerous — form of gum disease.
As the disease progresses, it develops into a more severe form called periodontitis. Pockets appear around the base of the tooth. Gums pull away, causing the tooth to become loose until no more gum support is left and the tooth eventually falls out. This happens when gingivitis is ignored, because gum disease usually screams for attention.
Smoking or chewing , Diabetes and Other Systemic Diseases, Genetics, Medications or Drugs, Stress, Poor Nutrition, and Clenching or Grinding Teeth are all factors that can increase the risk of gum disease.