Burning Mouth Syndrome

Burning Mouth Syndrome

Causes of burning mouth syndrome are complex and although it is not entirely known, it is linked to many factors listed below:

Oral Problems — Dry mouth syndrome, a disease that causes dryness, are all factors in causing a flare-up.

Menopause and Hormonal Imbalances — Menopausal women go through many hormonal changes, which can affect the amount of saliva produced in your mouth. For anyone who experiences a hormonal imbalance, burning mouth syndrome is often an aggravating side effect.

Medical Conditions — Burning or scalding sensations may result from diabetes or thyroid problems.

Vitamin Deficiencies — Nutrition is a key factor in preventing burning mouth syndrome. Nutritional deficiencies that result from a lack of iron, zinc and B vitamins, among others, can increase your chances of experiencing dry or burning mouth.

Acid Reflux Disease — Stomach acid can irritate your oral tissues.

Medications and Medical Treatments — High blood pressure medications and antidepressants are just two of the several drugs that promote burning mouth. Your pharmacist can help you determine if the medications you’re taking cause dry mouth. Burning mouth syndrome has also been linked to radiation and chemotherapy treatments for cancer patients.

Mouth Irritations — There are so many irritants that can affect your dental health. Not surprisingly, acidic drinking, smoking and some mouthwashes are drying agents that contribute to the burning sensations. But other irritants play a role as well: Loose fitting dentures, bruxism, tongue thrusting and hard tooth brushing will also aggravate your oral tissues.

Allergies — Burning mouth may be an allergic reaction to foods or other elements in some patients.

Nerve Damage — Damaged nerves in the mouth and on the tongue affects more than just your taste buds. Your nerves control pain, and burning mouth syndrome may be a sign of nerve damage.


Your dentist might start by recommending that you eliminate the elements that dry out your mouth, such as smoking, alcohol and acidic drinks. Improving your diet, drinking more fluids, and taking vitamins or saliva replacements can assist in reducing dryness. If necessary, medications may be prescribed to regulate any medical conditions or infections that are known to cause burning mouth. It may even be as simple as adjusting your dentures or instilling better brushing habits to improve your symptoms.